Every single time I hear an English-speaker use a French word in his speech, I smile. I cannot help it.
Borrowing foreign words, whether it be to look cool, sophisticated, or to name a concept that does not really have any equivalent in our own language, is a common occurrence. Though here I focus on French and English, each language borrows from other languages.
Who knew the words “candy”, “alfalfa”, “kohl”, “safari”, and “talc” are of Arabic origin? Or that “emu”, “breeze”, “caste” and “fetish” are of Portuguese origin?
So here we go:
Meaning: reason or justification for existence.
Example: It was the nuclear waste disposal plant which had constituted the raison d’être for the tunnel in the first place.
Aird, Catherine, A Dead Liberty (British English)
Meaning: a slight or delicate variation in tone, color, meaning, etc.; shade of difference.
Example: He knew she was listening to each word as if to catch any small nuance of hope.
Meek, M R D, A Worm of Doubt
je ne sais quoi
As a noun, this expression is a compound word (je-ne-sais-quoi) in French.
Meaning: an indefinable quality, especially of personality.
Example: Half shutters on the back door added the requisite je ne sais quoi for the desired French country aesthetic.
Globe and Mail (2003)
Meaning: high fashion.
Example: Midway between the high street and haute couture , these labels present a look that is almost a pastiche version of the Gallic aesthetic.
Times, Sunday Times (2001)
Meaning: complete discretion or authority.
Example: `I’ll take that as carte blanche , then,’ she laughs, before ringing off.
Alex George LOVE YOU MADLY (2002)
Meaning: a dead end or an inescapable position.
Example: Silence from those endless gnawing questions that all ended in a cul-de-sac of self-recrimination.
Stewart, Michael, Grace
Meaning: something already done and beyond alteration.
Example: After he received the acceptance, the idea was presented to me as a fait accompli.
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coup de grâce
Meaning: a mortal or finishing blow, especially one as an act of mercy to a sufferer; a final or decisive stroke.
Example: The earthquake of 1812, which badly damaged a large part of the town, came as something of a coup de grâce. Umbria – the green heart of Italy
Meaning: a flat, house, or other lodging for secondary or occasional use,
Example: Out-of-town clients are welcome to use the firm’s offices as a pied-à-terre when visiting London.
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Meaning: a private conversation between two people.
Example: Just before they were readying to head back to New York, Sullivan had asked Ed to join him for a drink and a tête-à-tête at the bar.
BUSINESS TODAY (1999)
How many of them can you use in one sentence?
Write your sentences in a comment.